To Kill a Mockingbird is a maturing story told by the main character, Scout Finch, in 1930 in Alabama. Through the twists and turns of his neighborhood and the influence of his father, he comes to understand that the world is not always fair and that prejudice is a very real aspect of the small town in which you live, however subtle it is in the city as superficial.
To Kill a Mockingbird takes place in the city of Maycomb, Alabama, during the Great Depression, and is narrated by the main character, the girl named Jean Louise Finch, who is known as a “Scout” in the whole novel.
The main roles consist of:
- v Atticus Finch, Scout’s father and older brother Jem Finch is a Standard, high-moral lawyer;
- v Boo Radley is Finch’s mysterious and lonely neighbor;
- v Tom Robinson is a black man unjustly accused of assaulting a white woman;
- v Charles Baker Harris, known as “Dill” throughout history, is a friend of the children who visit them from Mississippi during the summer;
- v Calpurnia, Finch’s housekeeper, and cook is a mother figure for Scout;
- v Walter Cunningham is one of the poorest boys at Scout and Jem School;
- v Mayella Ewell is the white woman who accuses Tom; and
- v Mr. Bob Ewell is Mayella’s father.
When the story begins, Scout, Jem, and Dill are intrigued by prisoner Boo. She lives near Finch’s house and the local legend says that she once stabbed her father in the leg with scissors. They imagine him as a kind of monster.
The kids make little dramas about Boo’s life. They begin to venture closer to the supposedly haunted Radley House. They then try to leave tickets for Boo at his window with a fishing rod, but Atticus catches them. He rebukes them firmly for mocking the life of a sad man.
Children continue to sneak into Radley’s house at night. Boo’s brother thinks he hears a looter and throws the gun at him. The children run away, but Jem loses his pants on a fence. When he returns in the middle of the night to retrieve them, they have been carefully folded and the tear in the fence has been roughly stitched.
Other mysterious things start to happen to the Finch children. A tree near Radley House has a knot in which someone leaves small gifts for them. Children find pennies, chewing gum, and carved soap dolls that bear an impressive resemblance to Scout and Jem. When the children try to leave a note for the Mystery Giver, they discover that Boo’s brother covered the hole with cement.
One day, Jem invites one of his poorest companions, Walter Cunningham, to lunch. In Finch House, Scout notes that Atticus and Walter are discussing agriculture “like two men”. Walter orders molasses and spills it on his meat and vegetables. When Scout brutally asks what she is doing, Calpurnia gives a talk in the kitchen on how to treat guests, regardless of their origin.
Meanwhile, Atticus decides to accept a case involving a black man named Tom Robinson, who was falsely accused of raping a very poor white girl named Mayella Ewell. The Finch family faces severe criticism at Maycomb. Strongly racist due to Atticus’ decision to defend Tom.
Atticus believes that Tom is innocent and has almost no chance of being acquitted. The white jury will never believe that a black man for a white woman, despite this, Atticus seeks to reveal the truth to his fellow citizens because Atticus is defending a black scout. and Jim is whispered and teased by the locals at a family Christmas meeting.
Scout beats his sick father Francis when she accuses Atticus of ruining his surname shortly after the scene. Attica says that one of the most famous lines in the novel, she tells her children to “shoot all the blue jays you want, if you can hit them, but remember that it is a sin to kill a nightingale”
The nightingale becomes a symbol of innocence in the romance linked to Boo Radley and Tom Robinson the night before the trial. Tom moved to Atticus County Jail for fear of possible lynching and watches the ice outside the door all night. Jim is worried about him and the three. children enter the city to find him. A group of men arrives threatening Atticus and ready to incite violence.
At first Jim Scout and Deal move away, but when the Boy Scout realizes the real danger, he runs away and starts talking to one of the men, the father of his classmate Walter Cunningham, about his innocence. He takes the crowd out of their crowd mentality and they leave during the trial. The Ewells testified that Mayella asked Tom to work for her while her father was away from her and Tom came into her home and forcibly beat and raped Mayella until her father appeared and scared her. Tom claims that Mayella invited him in, hugged him, and started kissing her. Tom tried to push her away and when Bob Ewell arrived, he got angry and hit Mayella while Tom ran away scared according to the sheriff’s testimony.
Mayella’s bruises were on the right side of her face, which means she was probably hit with her left hand. Tom Robinson’s left arm is disabled due to an old accident. While Mr. Ewell leads with the left given evidence of reasonable doubt, Tom should be free, but after hours of deliberation, the jury finds him guilty, with Scout Jim and Dill sneaking into the courtroom to attend the trial and sit down. On the balcony with the black Macomb.
They are surprised by the verdict because for them the evidence was so clearly in favor of Tom that the verdict is tragic, but Atticus feels some satisfaction that the jury has taken so long to reach a conclusion. Atticus hopes to receive a call, but Tom tries to escape his prison and is shot in the process. Jim struggles with the results of the trial and feels that his faith in humanity’s kindness and rationality has been betrayed.
Meanwhile, Mr. Yule, humiliated by the trial, threatens Atticus with vengeance one night when Jim and a ham-dressed Boy Scout return home after a Halloween play at his school. He follows them home in the dark and tries to stab them with a large kitchen knife. Jim breaks his arm and the scout who is confined by his disguise and can’t see what’s going on is helpless all the time. attack, the elusive Boo Radley stabs Mr. Ewell and saves the children.
Finally, the scout has a chance to meet the shy and nervous Boo at the end of that fateful night, the sheriff declares that Mr. Ewell fell on his own knife, so the hero of the situation will not have to be tried for murder. Scout returns home and imagines how she saw the city and observed her gym and belongings over the years of her home. Boo enters, closes the door, and doesn’t see him anymore.